News

Red-vented bulbul

The recent “Angry Bird” campaign, to increase awareness of a pest bird in Auckland, has sparked an increase in confirmed public sightings of the red-vented-bulbul, an aggressive Asian species that threatens our crops.

Red-vented bulbuls are known to cause significant damage to fruit and vegetable crops. They are likely to feed on native fruits, berries, insects, flower nectar, seeds and buds, displacing native species such as kereru (native woodpigeon) with their aggressive competitive nature. They may also spread seeds of invasive plants.

The Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) has confirmed that red-vented bulbuls are located in three clusters: south Auckland (Manurewa/Alfriston), west Auckland (Henderson/Te Atatu/Massey), and on Auckland’s North Shore (Devonport/Belmont/Takapuna).

There have also been possible sightings on the Whangaparaoa Peninsula about 12 kilometres north of the confirmed North Shore sightings.

The red-vented bulbul is one of the most invasive bird species in the world and in New Zealand is listed as an unwanted organism under the Biosecurity Act 1993. MPI is working in partnership with the Department of Conservation (DOC) and Auckland Council to track down the red-vented bulbuls in Auckland and eradicate them.

“We think there are at least five red-vented bulbuls in Auckland,” says MPI Response Manager Jaap Knegtmans. “It’s difficult to know exactly how many there are because they are quite mobile, moving large distances around the city.”

Red-vented bulbuls are a medium-sized bird about the size of a starling (20 cm in length - body and tail). They have a black head with a slight crest, a dark back, grey-white belly and a distinctive crimson-red patch beneath their tail.

“This red patch is a key identification feature,” said Mr Knegtmans.

“If people have seen a bird with bright red feathers beneath the tail, we urge them to contact MPI on our free Exotic Pest and Disease Hotline - 0800 80 99 66. Taking a photo, if possible, would also be a huge help.”

Red-vented bulbuls also have a very distinctive call, unlike other birds you normally hear around Auckland. Their call can be heard on the MPI website at: http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/pests/red-vented-bulbul.

Red-vented bulbuls are found in Asia from Pakistan to southwest China. They have invaded parts of the Pacific, including Hawaii, Fiji and Samoa.

Red-vented bulbuls have been found in Auckland before, in the 1950s and in 2006, and were successfully eradicated on both occasions. It’s believed the red-vented bulbuls now in Auckland arrived on a ship or yacht.

“These birds are aggressive and prolific breeders and we need to remove them before they become established. Continued help from the public is crucial to tracking the birds down and eradicating them.” said Mr Knegtmans.

“It’s vital we get sightings from the public as soon as possible. They’ll become harder to spot as Spring advances and leaves start returning to trees,” said Mr Knegtmans.

 
 

Joint Border Management System goes live

Primary Industries Minister Nathan Guy and Customs Minister Maurice Williamson launched the Government’s $89 million Joint Border Management System (JBMS) on August 1st.

Importers, exporters, and their agents and brokers, can now submit shipment details electronically to a single point of contact, rather than dealing separately with several government agencies.

“This reduces the duplication of data to border agencies and will speed up processing times,” Mr Guy said.

Customs Minister Maurice Williamson said several pilot partners, responsible for about 60 per cent of all export and import transactions, had played a role in the testing the JBMS.

Mr Williamson said Customs and MPI electronic border systems will be kept running for 18 months, which will allow the cargo industry to choose when to transfer to the new system.

 
 

X-ray transfer offers biosecurity boost

In July Primary Industries Minister Nathan Guy welcomed the beginning of trials for the use of x-ray images to screen airline baggage before it arrives in New Zealand.

He said the trials are a world-first and involve the transfer of aviation security x-ray images from Melbourne Airport to Auckland for passengers on Air New Zealand flights, while the passenger is on the flight.

“This technology will allow biosecurity staff to assess the x-ray images before the plane touches down. Any bag containing biosecurity risk items will then be matched with the passenger, who will face further scrutiny by officials upon landing,” Minister Guy said.

If the trials are successful, MPI would look to extend the system to other major Australian airports.

In the longer term, x-ray image transfer could be applied to routes with higher biosecurity risk to New Zealand, such as those from South East Asia, parts of Europe and the Pacific.

“MPI currently will continue to use surveys, declaration forms, detector dogs, x-ray screening, and random physical searches to monitor biosecurity risk among air passengers.

“The system could provide another powerful tool for MPI to protect New Zealand from dangerous pests and disease,” Mr Guy said

 
   

No cut to biosecurity funding

In June this year primary industries minister Natahan Guy reacted to criticism of cuts in biosecurity funding.

“To make it crystal clear, funding has not been cut for biosecurity in Budget 2013” Minister Guy said

According to the minister appropriations for ‘border biosecurity monitoring and clearance’ were temporarily higher in last year’s Budget because $5 million was brought forward from last year to pay for the Joint Border Management System as well as $1 million for the merger to create the Ministry for Primary Industries.

“Biosecurity is my number one priority as Minister, and overall funding has doubled since 2000. We now have a major programme of work underway to improve what is already a world-class system.

Mr Guy said his ministry is working closely with Australia on foot and mouth preparedness and that a recent Auditor-General report noted that MPI has been successful in responding to incursions, and plans are being updated to deal with pests, improve surveillance and targeting, and hold ongoing regular exercises and simulations.

He said the Sustainable Farming Fund is investing $8.8 million into 42 projects including biological controls for pests.

 
 

Welcome fine for trouser fish smuggler‏

The Ministry for Primary Industries has applauded the fine handed down to a Vietnamese man who tried to smuggle tropical fish into New Zealand in his trouser pockets.

The man pleaded guilty early in September to a charge under the Biosecurity Act 1993. He was fined $2000 after being convicted for the attempted possession of unauthorised goods, knowing they were unauthorised.

Border officials intercepted the man in August at Auckland airport with seven live fish in his pockets in plastic bags. He was picked up after water was seen dripping down his trouser legs.

The judge said he found it difficult to believe Mr Nguyen was ignorant of New Zealand’s biosecurity law, and called Mr Nguyen’s actions a “clumsy attempt” to smuggle the fish into the country.

“This is someone who deliberately broke our biosecurity laws. The individual concerned clearly gave little consideration about the risk this type of behaviour poses to New Zealand’s primary industries and native flora and fauna,” said Dave Blake, MPI Investigation Manager North.

“The fish could have been carrying any manner of disease or pest. That’s why this country has strict biosecurity import regulations,” he said.

 
   

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